What can we do with data, statistics provided by the official Mongolian statistical agency, and a mapping tool ? Check this amazing visualization of herder households in Mongolia !
That made-with-love map provides a visualization of the herder’s households’s figures classified by aimags (a department-like administrative classification of the territory), based on 2015 data from Mongolian Statistical Information Service.
In total, Mongolia counts 216,734 herder households in 2015, while there were 213,363 in 2014 and 209,933 in 2013.
I’ll soon make another map, showing the number of livestock in each aimag. After that, I’ll split data in several other maps, in order to observe the distribution of livestock types by aimags : goat, horse, camel, sheep and cattle distribution’s map.
To begin with, let’s check where herder’s households are settled!
What does this map reveal about herding ?
First of all, there are huge differences regarding land use. Some aimags appear more « crowded » (proportionally to Mongolian population rate) than others.
The Gobi Desert is the less populated area
It is no news that the desert can be a hostile land to settle on. Its population density comes close to zero, while UlaanBaatar reaches a 297.1 density rate and Orhon – yes, that tiny spot up there on the map – 125.9.
South-East of Mongolia is less inhabited than other parts of the country where animal-breeding resources are abundant. Southern Mongolia is indeed covered by the Gobi desert, therefore less favourable to herding, except for camel and goat’s herds.
The lower herder households’ rate is to be find in Southern Mongolia Govisumber aimag with 994 herder households. You can easily identify this aimag on the map, for it is the small white spot on the right. Yeah, ok, it is really small, so for the illustration, let’s ignore the very very small aimags. Except for Orhon (1,081), Darhan Uul (2,408) and UlaanBaatar (5,131), the next lowest rate reaches 5,020 herder households in Dornogovi, South-Eastern region. It is followed by other Gobi aimags, as Umnugovi (6,963), Dundgovi (7,516).
Central and Northern areas are more favourable
On the other hand, Central and Northern Mongolia appear to be given rich and luxurious nature. North (and West) is the region of the Mongolian great lakes (like the Huvsgul lake at the country’s northern side) and numerous rivers flow (as Selenge river or Orhon river). Siberia is located right above the country and pines forests run on the border. Yaks, cattle, horses, sheeps and goats have found a special Eden there. North is covered by a taiga while Central and North-Eastern sides are overlayed by steppes.
Unfortunatly, I could not cross this map and its data to a landscape map. I’ll make one soon but it will be apart from this map.
Do you have any question ? Do you need to clarify something ? Leave a comment and let me know what you think !